February 19, 2017
GE Crops and Foods (Not on the Market)
Find here information on the following genetically modified (GM) crops - not on the market in 2016:
- Apple - A GM non-browning apple was approved in Canada and the US in 2015 but is not yet on the market.
- Flax - Canadian farmers suffered a GE flax contamination crisis in late 2009 even though the flax is not on the market.
- Potato - A new GM potato was approved in 2014 the US and was approved in Canada in March 2016, it is not yet in food stores in Canada.
- Rice - People across the world are fighting to stop GM rice.
- Wheat- Monsanto withdrew applications for GM wheat approval in 2004 but continues to develop GE wheat.
- Fish - A GM Atlantic salmon was approved in Canada and the US but it is not yet in production anywhere in the world.
Five GM crops are grown in Canada:
- sugar beet
- A very small amount of GM alfalfa seed was sold in Eastern Canada in 2016 for the first time
We could also be importing GE papaya, squash, cottonseed oil and milk products from the US.
Though the Canadian Food Inspection Agency and Health Canada have approved over 50 varieties of 12 GE crops and foods under their category of "Plants with Novel Traits" and "Novel Foods", not all of these are products of genetic engineering. Furthermore, many GE crop varieties listed are not currently on the market in Canada (such as GE potatoes and tomatoes). For details see CBAN's report "Where in the world are GM crops and foods?"
GE Crops Globally
2015: GM crops (predominately corn, soy, and cotton - herbicide tolerant and/or insect resistant) are still confined to a handful of countries with highly industrialized, export-oriented agricultural sectors. Numbers from 2014 show that one country alone - the U.S. - plants 40% of the global GM crop area. 77% of the world's GM crops are planted in the U.S.(40%), Brazil (23%) and Argentina (13%). India (GM cotton) and Canada (GM canola, corn, soy and sugarbeet) both plant 6% of the global acres of GM. For details see CBAN's report "Where in the world are GM crops and foods?"
GE Crops in Europe
2015: The only genetically engineered crop currently cultivated in European Union (EU) is Monsanto's insect resistant (Bt) corn MON810. In 2015, five countries – Spain, Portugal, Czech Republic, Slovakia and Romania – planted a total of 116,870 hectares of Bt corn, 18% less than the amount planted in 2014. Spain planted 92% of the total area under Bt corn in the EU. EU regulation allows Member States to opt-out of cultivating GM crops. 19 of 28 EU countries have chosen not to grow GM crops in their territories. Germany and Poland used to grow GM corn, but discontinued cultivation in 2009 and 2012, respectively. EU countries import approximately 40 million tonnes of GMOs, mostly GM soy, from North and South America for animal feed.